The History of The Internet

1969 - 2012

The History of the Internet covers all of the most important milestones since 1969: from the first virus to the birth of Google and 2.4 billion Internet users.

 

1969

  • A connection is made between The University of California Los Angeles and The Stanford Research Institute - Arpanet is born; created by the US Department of Defense Advanced Research Projects (Darpa)

1971

  • The first virus - Creeper - created

1973

  • Arpanet users 35

1976

  • Apple founded

1978

  • 400 Arpanet users receive the first ever spam email inviting them to a product demo
  • US National Science Foundation creates a non-military network for American universities

1979

  • Arpanet user Kevin Mackenzie uses the emoticon -)

1980

  • Apple IPO - market cap £1.7bn

1981

  • Arpanet and all network users
  • IBM launches the personal computer

1982

  • The Elk Cloner virus created
  • Scottt Fahlman, computer scientist at Carnegie Mellon University - adds a colon to the first online emoticon :-)

1986

  • The US National Science Foundation created a network to link existing university supercomputer networks
  • Microsoft IPO - market cap $770m

1987

  • Stoned virus created

1988

  • The first worm - "Morris" - created

1990

  • "Archie" the first search engine created by a student
  • Arpanet decomissioned

1991

  • Tim Lee at CERN introduces the World Wide Web

1992

  • Michelangelo virus created

1993

  • Mosaic web browser launched

1994

  • Webcrawler, go.com and Lycos search engines launched
  • Yahoo! founded

1995

  • Microsoft launches Internet Explorer.  Amazon and eBay founded
  • 18,957 websites are live

1997

  • AOL launches instant messenger

1998

  • Worldwide internet users breaks the 100m figure
  • Google founded

1999

  • Worldwide fears of computer crashes over Y2K or Millennium Bug
  • Zappos - the first online only shop - is launched.  Napster founded
  • Happy99 - first email virus created

2000

  • iloveyou virus - 50 million users report being infected within 10 days

2001

  • Napster ordered to stop users sharing copyrighted music
  • Wikipedia launches. Apple launches the ipod.
  • CodeRed - the first virus to spread without human interaction

2002

  • Friendster founded. Gawker founded

2003

  • Apple launches iTunes and Safari browser. Myspace, Linkedin, Skype and WordPress launched

2004

  • Google's IPO - market cap £23bn. Facebook, Flickr and Vimeo launch. Mozilla launches Firefox browser

2005

  • Worldwide internet users breaks the 1 BILLION
  • Reddit and YouTube launch
  • Cabir - the first mobile virus created

2006

  • Twitter launched. Google buys YouTube for $1.65bn

2007

  • Apple launches iPhone. Tumblr launched. BBC launches the iPlayer

2008

  • Facebook becomes the world's most popular social network
  • Google launched Chrome. Spotify launched. Apple launched App Store

2010

  • Apple launches iPad. Instagram and Pinterest launched
  • Stuxnet virus targets industrial processes - and appears to target nuclear operations in Iran

2011

  • Death of Steve Jobs. Google+ launched. Microsoft buys Skype

2012

  • Worldwide internet users breaks 2.4 BILLION

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The History of the Internet